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Die West Bank Premier League ist eine der zwei höchsten Ligen des palästinensischen Fußballverbands. Die andere Liga ist die Gaza Strip Premier League. Die palästinensischen Klubs haben eine weitreichende Geschichte bis hin in die er Jahre. Die West Bank Premier League ist eine der zwei höchsten Ligen des palästinensischen Palestine West Bank League A. Abgerufen am 9. Dezember March | UK Home Office. State of Palestine. Report on fact finding mission to East Jerusalem and the West Bank carried out from 23 to 27 September Die gesamte Altstadt Jerusalem's ist geprägt von den verschiedenen religiösen Bauwerken und allein deshalb schon eine Besichtigung wert. Lange suchen. Right To Play - The Palestinian Territories - West Bank & Gaza, Ramallah. Gefällt Mal · 26 Personen sprechen darüber. We use the transformative.
March | UK Home Office. State of Palestine. Report on fact finding mission to East Jerusalem and the West Bank carried out from 23 to 27 September Rank, Matches, Goals, Points. P, W, D, L, F, A, Diff. 1, Jabal Mukaber, 22, 15, 4, 3, 43, 19, 24, 2, Hilal Alquds, 22, 12, 6, 4, 43, 19, 24, 3, Shabab Alamari. - The West Bank (Arabic: الضفة الغربية, aḍ-Ḍiffä l-Ġarbīyä) (Hebrew: הגדה המערבית, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory and is the.
Palestine West Bank Video🇵🇸 Palestine (West Bank): a travel documentary
Palestine West Bank NavigationsmenüEs gibt 50 oder 60 unterschiedliche Unterarten von Juden, mit unterschiedlichen Sprachen und Ausrichtungen. Es reicht. Unser Besuch in Bethlehem Anja ist der neue Guide, zusammen mit ihrem Lonely Planet. Also versuchen wir, die Via Dolorosa - den ehemaligen Eurosport Deutschland Kontakt - Spiele Laden Kostenlos zu machen. Noch waren hier wenig Touristen unterwegs, was sich vermutlich bald ändern würde. Land, businesses, and buildings were expropriated from the Palestinian inhabitants, Hartz 4 Leute of whom were long absent, having fled the wars of and This has often been interpreted as tantamount to an official annexation, though Ian LustickHolland Casino Enschede Favorites reviewing the legal status of Israeli measures, has argued that no such annexation ever took place. Even if a permit is given without this agreement, settler waste under military escort is still dumped there. HondurasGuatemalaNauru Slot App Windows, and the United States. Since then, these territories have been designated Israeli-occupied territories.
At the border of the occupied territories, the tension is notorious after nine consecutive nights of Israeli attacks. The Israeli army justified the murder by arguing that the young man tried to throw explosives at a vehicle.
The incident took place near the Deir Abu Mashal village, northwest of Ramallah, where an Israeli army spokesman said that troops had foiled an alleged "terrorist attack".
During the incident, the troops fired at the terrorists," an Army spokesman told EFE. Israel has bombed Gaza for 7 nights straight.
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Spiegel Online , 5. Januar ; abgerufen am Jerusalem Zentrum, abgerufen am Bericht des Deutschlandfunks vom 1. As of February , The future status of the West Bank, together with the Gaza Strip on the Mediterranean shore, has been the subject of negotiation between the Palestinians and Israelis, although the Road Map for Peace , proposed by the " Quartet " comprising the United States, Russia, the European Union , and the United Nations, envisions an independent Palestinian state in these territories living side by side with Israel see also proposals for a Palestinian state.
However, the "Road Map" states that in the first phase, Palestinians must end all attacks on Israel, whereas Israel must dismantle all outposts.
The Palestinian Authority believes that the West Bank ought to be a part of their sovereign nation, and that the presence of Israeli military control is a violation of their right to Palestinian Authority rule.
The United States State Department also refers to the territories as occupied. Kurtzer , expressed U. Obama was the first US president to formally support the policy, but he stated that it had been one long held by the US in its Middle East negotiations.
In December , a resolution was adopted by United Nations Security Council that condemned Israel's settlement activity which constitutes a "flagrant violation" of international law and has "no legal validity".
It demands that Israel stop such activity and fulfill its obligations as an occupying power under the Fourth Geneva Convention.
In , President Donald Trump unveiled his peace plan , which radically differs from previous peace plans. Palestinian public opinion opposes Israeli military and settler presence on the West Bank as a violation of their right to statehood and sovereignty.
The total length of the land boundaries of the region are kilometres miles. The climate in the West Bank is mostly Mediterranean , slightly cooler at elevated areas compared with the shoreline, west to the area.
In the east, the West Bank includes the Judean Desert and the shoreline of the Dead Sea — both with dry and hot climate.
The Oslo Accords declared the final status of the West Bank to be subject to a forthcoming settlement between Israel and the Palestinian leadership.
Following these interim accords, Israel withdrew its military rule from some parts of the West Bank, which was divided into three administrative divisions of the Oslo Accords :.
Area A, 2. Area C contains all the Israeli settlements excluding settlements in East Jerusalem , roads used to access the settlements, buffer zones near settlements, roads, strategic areas, and Israel , and almost all of the Jordan Valley and the Judean Desert.
The mainly open areas of Area C, which contains all of the basic resources of arable and building land, water springs, quarries and sites of touristic value needed to develop a viable Palestinian state,  were to be handed over to the Palestinians by under the Oslo Accords as part of a final status agreement.
This agreement was never achieved. According to B'tselem , while the vast majority of the Palestinian population lives in areas A and B, the vacant land available for construction in dozens of villages and towns across the West Bank is situated on the margins of the communities and defined as area C.
The infrastructure, consisting of settlements, the barrier , military bases and closed military areas, Israeli declared nature reserves and the roads that accompany them is off-limits or tightly controlled to Palestinians.
In June , the Independent Commission for Human Rights published a report that found that Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip were subjected in to an "almost systematic campaign" of human rights abuse by the Palestinian Authority and Hamas , as well as by Israeli authorities, with the security forces of the PA and Hamas being responsible for torture, arrests and arbitrary detentions.
This has often been interpreted as tantamount to an official annexation, though Ian Lustick , in reviewing the legal status of Israeli measures, has argued that no such annexation ever took place.
The Palestinian residents have legal permanent residency status. Although permanent residents are permitted, if they wish, to receive Israeli citizenship if they meet certain conditions including swearing allegiance to the State and renouncing any other citizenship, most Palestinians did not apply for Israeli citizenship for political reasons.
The government of Israel has not formally confirmed an official reason; however, historians and analysts have established a variety of such, most of them demographic.
Among those most commonly cited have been:. The importance of demographic concerns to some significant figures in Israel's leadership was illustrated when Avraham Burg , a former Knesset Speaker and former chair of the Jewish Agency for Israel, wrote in The Guardian in September ,.
As of , more than , Israelis live in over settlements in the West Bank. Of those, , live in settlements in East Jerusalem and , live in other parts of the West Bank.
A further settlements are not officially recognized and are illegal under Israeli law, but have nevertheless been provided with infrastructure, water, sewage, and other services by the authorities.
They are colloquially known as " illegal outputs. As a result of " Enclave law ", large portions of Israeli civil law are applied to Israeli settlements and Israeli residents in the occupied territories.
The international consensus is that all Israeli settlements on the West Bank beyond the Green Line are illegal under international law.
Significant portions of the Israeli public similarly oppose the continuing presence of Jewish Israelis in the West Bank and have supported the settlement relocation.
The UN Security Council has issued several non-binding resolutions addressing the issue of the settlements. Typical of these is UN Security Council resolution which states [the] practices of Israel in establishing settlements in the Palestinian and other Arab territories occupied since have no legal validity , and it calls on Israel as the occupying Power, to abide scrupulously by the Fourth Geneva Convention.
On 31 August , Israel announced it was appropriating hectares of land in the West Bank to eventually house 1, Israel families.
The appropriation was described as the largest in more than 30 years. The Haaretz published an article in December about demolition of "Palestinian outposts" in Bil'in ,  the demolitions sparked a political debate as according to PeaceNow it was a double standard "After what happened today in Bil'in, there is no reason that the state should defend its decision to continue the construction" credited to Michael Sfard.
The report said Palestinian presence in Area C has been continuously undermined by Israel and that state building efforts in Area C of the Palestinian Authority PA and the EU were of "utmost importance in order to support the creation of a contiguous and viable Palestinian state".
The EU will support various projects to "support the Palestinian people and help maintain their presence". In May , a petition  was filed to the Israeli Supreme Court about the legality of more 15  Palestinian outposts and Palestinian building in "Area C".
The cases were filed by Regavim. The petition was one of 30 different petitions with the common ground of illegal land takeover and illegal construction and use of natural resources.
Some of the petitions 27 had been set for trials  and the majority received a verdict. Ynet News stated on 11 January that a group of Palestinians with unknown number of foreign activists created an outpost named Bab al-Shams "Gate of the Sun" , contains 50 tents .
Ynet News stated on 18 January that Palestinian activists built an outpost on a disputed area in Beit Iksa , where Israel plans to construct part of the separation fence in the Jerusalem vicinity while the Palestinians claim that the area belongs to the residents of Beit Iksa.
Opponents claim the barrier is an illegal attempt to annex Palestinian land under the guise of security,  violates international law,  has the intent or effect to pre-empt final status negotiations,  and severely restricts Palestinian livelihoods, particularly limiting their freedom of movement within and from the West Bank thereby undermining their economy.
After the signing of the Oslo Accords , the West Bank was divided into 11 governorates under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority.
Since there are two governments claiming to be the legitimate government of the Palestinian National Authority, one based in the West Bank and one based in the Gaza Strip.
This crossing point is controlled by Israel since Goods were exported to Jordan, while the import was banned for security purposes. However, Israel remained the major responsible party for this crossing point.
According to the agreement, Israel has the right to independently inspect luggage and to maintain security. In addition, it can prevent anyone from using the crossing.
Amnesty International has criticized the way that the Israeli state is dealing with the regional water resources:. Discriminatory Israeli policies in the OPT are the root cause of the striking disparity in access to water between Palestinians and Israelis The inequality is even more pronounced between Palestinian communities and unlawful Israeli settlements, established in the OPT in violation of international law.
Swimming pools, well-watered lawns and large irrigated farms in Israeli settlements in the OPT stand in stark contrast next to Palestinian villages whose inhabitants struggle even to meet their essential domestic water needs.
In parts of the West Bank, Israeli settlers use up to 20 times more water per capita than neighbouring Palestinian communities, who survive on barely 20 litres of water per capita a day— the minimum amount recommended by the WHO for emergency situations response.
Israeli settlers in the West Bank have seized dozens of wells from Palestinians. The wells are privately owned by Palestinians and the settlers forcible took them, gave them Hebrew names and, with the assistance of the Israeli military, prevent Arab people, including the wells' owners, from using the wells and the pools the wells feed.
Israel ratified the international Basel Convention treaty on Israel on 14 December , according to which, any transfer of waste must be performed with an awareness of the dangers posed to the disempowered occupied people.
It forbids the creation among them of "environmental sacrifice zones. The military authorities do not render public the details of these operations.
These materials consist of such things as sewage sludge, infectious medical waste, used oils, solvents, metals, electronic waste and batteries.
Only 4 of 53 indictments for waste pollution were made over the years from to , whereas in Israel the laws are strictly applied and, in alone, enforcements for the same abuse were enforced.
Israel at times insisted its approval was conditional on linking the grid to Israeli settlements, which neither the donors nor Palestinians accepted.
Most the infrastructure was subsequently destroyed by IDF military operations. Since then some improvements have been implemented.
The landfill near Al-Jiftlik in the Jericho Governorate , built on absentee Palestinian property without planning or an environment impact analysis, is for the exclusive use of waste, 1, tons per day, produced by Israeli settlements and cities within Israel.
Even if a permit is given without this agreement, settler waste under military escort is still dumped there. Many waste treatment facilities in the West Bank were built for processing waste generated inside Israeli sovereign territory, according to B'Tselem , Israel's leading human rights organization for monitoring the West Bank.
One year later, its functions, objectives and responsibilities were defined through a by-law, giving the PWA the mandate to manage water resources and execute the water policy.
Based on the number of quarries per km 2 in Areas A and B, it is calculated that, were Israel to lift restrictions, a further quarries could be opened in Area C.
The Oslo Accords agreed to hand over mining rights to the Palestinian Authority. The state did undertake not to open more quarries. The European company obtained a concession and license to harvest stone, whereas Israel refuses permits for most of the roughly 40 Beit Fajar quarries, or nearly any other Palestinian-owned quarry in the West Bank under Israeli administration.
Israel had denied Palestinians permits to process minerals in that area of the West Bank. Albert Glock argued that Israel is responsible for the disappearance of significant parts of the Palestinian cultural patrimony, by confiscating Arab cultural resources.
The journalist Hamdi Faraj, jailed for endangering public order, had his volume library confiscated, including copies of the Bible and Qur'an and, when he applied for their restitution, was told all the books had been accidentally burnt.
The Palestinian territories contain several of the most significant sites for Muslims, Christians and Jews, and are endowed with a world-class heritage highly attractive to tourists and pilgrims.
Acri claimed the ban responds to fears by settlers who operate tourist concessions in this West Bank area that they will lose Jewish customers if there are too many West Bank Palestinians on the beaches.
All access points are controlled by Israel and the road system, checkpoints and obstacles in place for visitors desiring to visit Palestinian towns leaves their hotels half-empty.
Obstacles placed in the way of Palestinian-managed tourism down to included withholding licenses from tour guides, and hotels, for construction or renovation, and control of airports and highways, enabling Israel to develop a virtual monopoly on tourism.
In December , an official census conducted by the Palestinian Authority found that the Palestinian Arab population of the West Bank including East Jerusalem was 2,, There are , Israeli settlers living in the West Bank excluding East Jerusalem,  as well as around , living in Israeli-annexed East Jerusalem.
There are also small ethnic groups, such as the Samaritans living in and around Nablus , numbering in the hundreds.
As of October , around 23, Palestinians in the West Bank worked in Israel every day, while another 9, worked in Israeli settlements.
In addition, around 10, Palestinian traders from the West Bank were allowed to travel every day into Israel. The most densely populated part of the region is a mountainous spine, running north—south, where the cities of Jerusalem , Nablus , Ramallah , al-Bireh , Jenin , Bethlehem , Hebron and Yattah are located as well as the Israeli settlements of Ariel , Ma'ale Adumim and Beitar Illit.
Ramallah, although relatively mid in population compared to other major cities as Hebron , Nablus and Jenin , serves as an economic and political center for the Palestinians.
Near Ramallah the new city of Rawabi is under construction. The remainder are Christian mostly Greek Orthodox and others. It has been said that for "Jewish settlers, roads connect ; for Palestinians, they separate.
A large number of embankments, concrete slabs and barriers impeded movement on primary and secondary roads.
The result was to cantonize and fragment Palestinian townships, and cause endless obstacles to Palestinians going to work, schools, markets and relatives.
Though prohibited by law, confiscation of Palestinian identity cards at checkpoints is a daily occurrence. At best drivers must wait for several hours for them to be returned, when, as can happen, the IDs themselves are lost as soldiers change shifts, in which case Palestinians are directed to some regional office the next day, and more checkpoints to get there.
It concluded that such imposed restrictions had a major negative impact on the local economy, hindering stability and growth. Some 2, flying checkpoints were rigged up along West Bank roads, averaging some a month, in A further unstaffed physical obstacles, such as dirt mounds, concrete blocks, gates and fenced sections had been placed on roads for Palestinian use.
Of the gates erected at village entrances, 59 were always closed. Transportation infrastructure is particularly problematic as Palestinian use of roads in Area C is highly restricted, and travel times can be inordinate; the Palestinian Authority has also been unable to develop roads, airports or railways in or through Area C,  while many other roads were restricted only to public transportation and to Palestinians who have special permits from Israeli authorities.
At certain times, Israel maintained more than checkpoints or roadblocks in the region. Israeli restrictions were tightened in There is a road, Route , which has a concrete wall dividing the two sides, one designated for Israeli vehicles, the other for Palestinian.
The wall is designed to allow Palestinians to pass north—south through Israeli-held land and facilitate the building of additional Jewish settlements in the Jerusalem neighborhood.
Another would provide service along the Jordanian border from Eilat to the Dead Sea, Jericho and Beit She'an and from there toward Haifa in the west and in also in a northeasterly direction.
The only airport in the West Bank is the Atarot Airport near Ramallah , but it has been closed since The Palestinian Paltel telecommunication companies provide communication services such as landline , cellular network and Internet in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Until , the Palestinian mobile market was monopolized by Jawwal. A new mobile operator for the territories launched in under the name of Wataniya Telecom.
The number of Internet users increased from 35, in to , in Most Palestinian households have a radio and TV, and satellite dishes for receiving international coverage are widespread.
Recently, PalTel announced and has begun implementing an initiative to provide ADSL broadband internet service to all households and businesses.
The Al-Aqsa TV station shares these offices. Most universities in the West Bank have politically active student bodies, and elections of student council officers are normally along party affiliations.
Although the establishment of the universities was initially allowed by the Israeli authorities, some were sporadically ordered closed by the Israeli Civil Administration during the s and s to prevent political activities and violence against the IDF.
Some universities remained closed by military order for extended periods during years immediately preceding and following the first Palestinian Intifada, but have largely remained open since the signing of the Oslo Accords despite the advent of the Al-Aqsa Intifada Second Intifada in The founding of Palestinian universities has greatly increased education levels among the population in the West Bank.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Territory claimed by the State of Palestine. This article is about the geographic region. For other uses, see West Bank disambiguation.
Palestine claimed territory, control in Area A green and B dark red Israel unilaterally annexed East Jerusalem blue , internationally recognized as Israeli-occupied Area C pink occupied and controlled by Israel.
Palestinian Arabic Modern Hebrew. Part of a series on the. Achaemenid Empire Yehud Medinata. Rashidun Jund Filastin , Jund al-Urdunn.
Main article: Jordanian annexation of the West Bank. Main article: Israeli occupation of the West Bank. Area assigned for a Jewish state.
Area assigned for an Arab state. Planned Corpus separatum with the intention that Jerusalem would be neither Jewish nor Arab.
Israeli controlled territory from Egyptian and Jordanian controlled territory from until Main article: Status of territories occupied by Israel in Main article: Palestinian National Authority.
Main article: International law and Israeli settlements. Main article: Israeli West Bank barrier. Main article: Governorates of Palestine. See also: Judea and Samaria Area.
Main article: Economy of the Palestinian territories. Main article: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories.
Main article: Water supply and sanitation in the State of Palestine. Main article: Tourism in the Palestinian territories. Main article: Demographics of the Palestinian territories.
Main article: Telecommunications in the Palestinian territories. Predictably, it was the photo negative of Allon's.
The mountain ridge — not the lowlands along the Jordan — was the strategic land Israel needed, Dayan asserted.
It is therefore not clear why persons like Dimitri Baramki did not continue their work as archaeologists employed by the Palestine Museum.
Tawfiq Canaan in , the Palestine Archaeological Museum and its library in Jerusalem in , and the library of the Palestine Research Center in Beirut in , as well as the destruction of cultural property in the form of entire villages in — This last is particularly crucial, since the Palestinians' link to their past is largely through the villages, few towns, and fewer cities that predominated in their land during the last thirteen centuries.
One of the reservists, Doron Karbel, testified that as a "side note", the Jordan Valley Brigade Commander, Colonel Yigal Slovik, had said the reason for the checkpoint was that "when Jews and Palestinian vacationers were sitting on the beaches side by side it hurt the business of the surrounding yishuvim Jewish communities.
Conflicts in a Conflict. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 October World Bank. Retrieved 7 September The American Journal of International Law.
The international community has taken a critical view of both deportations and settlements as being contrary to international law.
General Assembly resolutions have condemned the deportations since , and have done so by overwhelming majorities in recent years. Likewise, they have consistently deplored the establishment of settlements, and have done so by overwhelming majorities throughout the period since the end of of the rapid expansion in their numbers.
The Security Council has also been critical of deportations and settlements; and other bodies have viewed them as an obstacle to peace, and illegal under international law Although East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights have been brought directly under Israeli law, by acts that amount to annexation, both of these areas continue to be viewed by the international community as occupied, and their status as regards the applicability of international rules is in most respects identical to that of the West Bank and Gaza.
In Conforti, Benedetto; Bravo, Luigi eds. The Italian Yearbook of International Law. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. International Journal of Constitutional Law.
The real controversy hovering over all the litigation on the security barrier concerns the fate of the Israeli settlements in the occupied territories.
Since , Israel has allowed and even encouraged its citizens to live in the new settlements established in the territories, motivated by religious and national sentiments attached to the history of the Jewish nation in the land of Israel.
This policy has also been justified in terms of security interests, taking into consideration the dangerous geographic circumstances of Israel before where Israeli areas on the Mediterranean coast were potentially threatened by Jordanian control of the West Bank ridge.
The international community, for its part, has viewed this policy as patently illegal, based on the provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention that prohibit moving populations to or from territories under occupation.